The foot ends with a person's lower limb. It is represented by the plusus, tarsus, and fingers. The foot is divided into the heel, rise, sole, arch and back.
The pain in the foot is associated with various diseases, so it should not be tolerated. It can be acute and chronic. In the latter case, discomfort haunts a person for a long time. Any part of the foot can hurt. Sometimes the symptoms include pain, swelling, numbness, burning, rashes, etc.
Pain in the foot may indicate a pathology of the foot itself, a disease of the lower limbs, and even general disorders in the body. To eliminate pain, you need to decide on its causes and only then begin treatment.
Doctor-neuroog MM Sperling talks about pains in the foot and lower leg that are often encountered in neurology:
Osteoporosis, as the cause of foot pain
In osteoporosis, a person is worried about pain, which can occur both during movement and at rest. The maximum intensity of pain is gaining in the case, if you click on the place where the bones are located.
Osteoporosis develops due to the fact that bone tissue loses phosphorus and calcium. The provoking factors are:
Errors in nutrition, when the menu of the person does not meet the needs of his body in calcium and minerals.
Load on the foot, which for her unbearable.
Hypodynamia due to lifestyle features, or various diseases.
The period of carrying a child. In this case, the fetus takes away the micronutrients missing from the mother’s bone tissue.
Diseases of the endocrine system.
To detect osteoporosis, you will need to undergo an x-ray or CT scan.
Therapy is based on the intake of calcium and vitamin D. Calcium must be taken by women who are carrying a child. This is especially true for the third trimester.
If the cause of osteoporosis is reduced to endocrine diseases, then the patient is prescribed hormonal drugs.
When varicose veins of the lower extremities are their overdistension and deformation of the form. If the disease has just begun to develop, then the patient will be disturbed by mild pains in the foot and ankle, as well as a feeling of heaviness in them. In the evening, there are swelling of the legs.
As the pathology progresses, veins begin to appear through the skin. The dermis itself will suffer from a lack of nutrition, it will become dark. During this period, the formation of trophic ulcers.
The following factors can provoke a disease:
Congenital malformations of veins.
Long pastime in sitting or lying down.
If the disease is just beginning to develop, then you should use therapeutic creams and ointments, which are aimed at eliminating pain in the legs. Be sure to wear compression underwear. If the disease debuted long ago, then it is impossible to do without surgery.
Obliterating endarteritis is widespread. It is accompanied by pain in the legs and other disorders. Men are more likely to suffer from pathology than women. Experts consider smoking to be the main risk factor for developing the disease.
Pathology develops over a long time, the average age of its debut is 30-40 years.
In addition to the painful sensations in the feet, the person will experience the following symptoms:
Hypersensitivity of the lower extremities to the effects of cold. Pain on overcooling of the legs becomes burning.
The appearance of ulcers on the skin, the formation of which is caused by circulatory disorders.
Limping and muscular weakness.
If you ignore the symptoms of the disease, the violation of blood flow in the lower extremities will lead to gangrene of the foot.
With the early diagnosis of endarteritis, it is possible to halt its development by taking medications and using medical creams and ointments. In the future, the patient is prescribed microsurgical operations aimed at restoring blood flow. If the patient develops gangrene, then amputation of the leg is necessary.
Diabetic foot is one of the common complications of diabetes. Diabetes is accompanied by an increase in blood glucose levels, since insulin loses its activity and cannot perform the functions of sugar utilization in the body. Metabolic processes in the body are disturbed, cholesterol plaques begin to be deposited on the vessels, atherosclerosis progresses rapidly. Such violations lead to malfunction of the kidneys and heart. The capillaries that penetrate the pillars and retina are affected.
With a developing diabetic foot, a person begins to experience pain in the lower extremities, swelling increases, and lameness joins. The skin becomes unhealthy, trophic ulcers form on it. Legs go numb, lose their former strength.
In order to prevent the development of severe complications, it is necessary all the time to control the level of sugar in the blood, to take drugs that are aimed at burning it.
If the complication of the pathology has already manifested, surgery may be required.
Plantar fasciitis, heel spur
The facies sole is represented by a connective tissue lamina. It originates from the calcaneus, stretches along the entire length of the sole and ends at the head of the metatarsal bone. It is necessary for the foot to be able to cope with the loads that are placed on it.
When these loads are too intense, the plate can become very stretched, be injured and inflamed. This inflammation is called fasciitis. At its beginning point the pain in the foot.
Factors such as:
Excessive loads on the foot, which are associated with hard work. Often people suffer from fasciitis, who, due to the nature of their profession, spend a long time in a standing position.
Obesity. Fascia is injured while walking, as an impressive body weight presses on top of it.
If a person suffers from congenital pathologies of connective tissue, this can also trigger the development of fasciitis. The pain is localized in the foot from the side. It occurs in the morning, or after long walks. The man begins to limp.
As the pathology progresses, the fascia will ossify in the place where it is fixed with the heel. The pain becomes intense, stabbing. Even stepping on the heel is not always possible.
Fasciitis therapy comes down to the following steps:
Maximum unloading stop. It is necessary to refuse to perform heavy exercises, from long walking and running.
Reducing the intensity of the inflammatory reaction contributes to a massage with ice or a cool towel.
If the cause of fasciitis is flatfoot, then the patient is shown wearing orthopedic shoes.
The doctor prescribes the patient local therapy.
The heel spur can be detected by x-ray. If the disease is just beginning to develop, then you can get rid of it by conservative methods. When the disease progresses significantly, the surgeon will need help.
Bursitis of the head of the metatarsal bone
The joints are an intermediate link between the phalanges of the fingers and the heads of the metatarsal bones. Next to them are articular bags, which are called bursae. If a person is healthy, the bursa is surrounded by fat. As the body ages, it becomes thinner. While walking the bursa is under considerable stress. This leads to pain in the foot. The skin in the phalanxes of the fingers may turn red. The pain intensifies while clicking on the affected area.
Bursitis is diagnosed by performing an X-ray image. Therapy is reduced to the reception of NSAIDs and the implementation of exercise therapy. In severe cases, hormonal drugs are administered to the patient. If the pathology is chronic and often worsens, the patient is referred for surgery.
Pain in the feet is always a companion of people with flat feet. At the same time, the normal shape of the foot is deformed, its internal arch is smoothed. As a result, a person relies on the entire surface of the foot while walking. The shape of the joints, the location of the bones relative to each other, which leads to the emergence of painful sensations, change. Strengthens the pain of compression of blood vessels and nerve endings flattened arch of the foot.
The reasons that can provoke this violation:
Congenital malformations of the ligaments of the foot. In such people, the ligaments stretch faster, which leads to their deformation.
Transferred at an early age rickets.
Various leg lengths due to congenital anomalies of the skeleton.
Excessive load on the foot in a standing position. For example, weightlifters often suffer from flat feet.
Wearing shoes that do not meet orthopedic standards.
The resulting injuries of the foot, fractures of its bone structures.
If flat feet only start to develop, then the person’s legs will begin to tire quickly, but the pain will be absent. As the pathology progresses, pains join, which constantly increase their intensity and may cause the patient to limp.
To detect pathology, x-rays and plantography are prescribed.
Therapeutic measures aimed at eliminating flatfoot:
Performance of exercise therapy complexes. They must be made by an orthopedist. Performing exercises allows you to strengthen the muscular arch of the foot, which helps to normalize its shape.
Use proper orthopedic shoes.
Walking on pebbles, on a cool surface. To harden the foot should be smoothly, without extreme.
Use orthopedic insoles.
Applying painkillers ointments and creams that will eliminate unpleasant symptoms.
The disease is accompanied by painful sensations in the foot. They can be localized in different parts of it, which largely depends on where the inflammatory process is concentrated. The pain intensifies during the motor activity.
Ligamentitis can be triggered by the following factors:
Repetitive microtraumas of the sole, which lead to the development of inflammation. To eliminate it will require the use of NSAIDs, or the introduction of hormonal drugs.
Previous infections, such as brucellosis. In this case, the patient is shown antibiotic therapy.
To clarify the diagnosis, you need to undergo X-ray and ultrasound of the foot.
With ligamentosis, ligaments of the foot become inflamed. Both one leg and both can suffer.
Excess physical exertion, impaired blood circulation in the ligamentous apparatus, foot microtrauma, which a person regularly receives, can provoke the development of pathology. Normal ligament tissue is replaced by cartilage tissue, which is further ossified. For example, the heel spur is also a ligamentosis.
The pain in this pathology is intense, arises during walking.
To clarify the patient's diagnosis is sent to the ultrasound and X-ray examination.
To get rid of ligamentosis, the following activities are shown:
The affected limb must be kept calm. At the time of treatment refuse to perform physical exercises, it is not necessary to stand for a long time.
To reduce pain, topically applied ointment and cream with anesthetic effect.
A pressure bandage is applied to the affected surface of the foot.
It is necessary to perform exercise therapy complexes, visit a massage therapist, undergo physiotherapy treatment.
Pain in the foot is often the result of an injury.
It can be such types of damage as:
The most common injury every person has encountered is a bruise. When receiving a blow, dull pain occurs in the foot, a bruise forms under the skin. To exclude the possibility of dislocation or more serious injury, you must perform an x-ray. To reduce the pain you need to apply cold to the damaged place. After three days, the cold is replaced by thermal types of procedures. In place of the injury put iodine mesh, put alcohol compresses.
During active movements a person can get a sprain. The pain at the time of the injury is intense, a hematoma forms under the skin, swelling of the tissues is increasing. The person suffers from limited mobility of the foot. A bandage is applied to the affected area, the leg is immobilized. To reduce the intensity of pain prescribed drugs from the group of NSAIDs.
Dislocation of the ankle joint, the talus, subluxation of the bones of the tarsus will lead to the occurrence of intense pain in the foot. A person develops edema, a hematoma forms under the skin, it is almost impossible to move the leg. To clarify the diagnosis, you will need to take an x-ray. The treatment is reduced to the reduction of the bone, the procedure is performed under anesthesia. In severe cases, general anesthesia is indicated.
Bundles can break if the foot is strongly affected. At the moment of rupture, a person experiences acute pain, and swelling and hematoma form almost immediately at the site of injury. Therapy is similar to sprains, but the recovery process will be longer.
At bone fracture, the pain is very severe, swelling instantly forms in the area of damage, bleeding develops or internal hemorrhage occurs. If the fracture is minor, then its symptoms may resemble a clinic of contusion or sprain. To clarify the diagnosis, an x-ray image will be required. When the bone fragments are displaced relative to each other, they need to be combined. The procedure is performed under anesthesia. If the fracture is not accompanied by displacement, the foot is fixed with a plaster splint.
Transverse flatfoot occurs in humans as they mature. The pain in this case is localized in the center of the foot and in the region of its arch, and also spreads to the pads of the fingers that are at their base.
If the human foot is healthy, then the main burden falls on the first metatarsal bone. The load of the moderate degree is experienced by the 2 and 3 metatarsal bone, and 4 and 5 are practically not subjected to it. If a person develops transverse flatfoot, then the 2 and 3 metatarsal bones will experience maximum loads.
Symptoms of a developing disorder:
The pain, which in the early stages of the development of pathology concentrates in the big toe, and then spreads to the entire foot.
Pain when walking, which becomes stronger if a person wears the wrong shoes.
The thumb is swung to the side in such a way that the foot looks spread.
The skin that covers the pads under the fingers is thickened and thickened.
To clarify the diagnosis, the patient is sent for X-ray examination. Minor violations can be corrected by wearing orthopedic shoes, exercise therapy and massage courses. Physiotherapeutic methods of treatment and the use of creams and ointments allow to relieve pain. If the flatfoot is strongly pronounced, then the patient is prescribed an operation.
Osteomyelitis and felon
Panaritiums are always accompanied by painful sensations in the foot. When this occurs, the toes of the pathogenic flora are affected. They penetrate deep into the tissues through small wounds.
The pain is twitching, in the area of inflammation there is swelling, the skin is red.From the existing wound, purulent masses are secreted. If the disease has just begun to develop, then it is enough to treat the affected area with Vishnevsky ointment, ichthyol ointment, or other local antibacterial drugs. If coping with suppuration fails, the help of a surgeon is required.
Osteomyelitis is accompanied by suppuration of the bones that form the foot. The infection gets into them with the blood flow, or from the external environment through the damage on the skin. Pain in the bones of the foot gradually increases, body temperature rises, a person experiences a general deterioration in health. If a patient is diagnosed with osteomyelitis, then he is hospitalized. In the hospital, the patient is prescribed antibacterial drugs, if they do not have the desired effect, then surgery is performed.
Sometimes pain in the toe can be caused by an ingrown nail. The plate starts to grow incorrectly if it has previously been injured. The patient complains of intense pain. The appearance of the nail plate is changed. Correct the situation is possible only with the help of a surgeon. The nail is completely removed. The operation can be performed both under local and under general anesthesia.
Gout develops due to the fact that the body breaks down metabolism, leading to the accumulation of excess uric acid.
The following factors can provoke pathology:
Errors in the menu with the consumption of large amounts of red meat and offal.
Abuse of alcoholic beverages, caffeinated beverages.
Abnormalities in the kidneys.
An attack of gouty arthritis is accompanied by the following symptoms:
Joint pains that are concentrated in the area of the big toe.
The pain is very intense, aggravated even by a minor touch to the affected area.
Debug attack can at any time of the day, but most often develops at night.
The foot swells up, feels hot to the touch.
The attack lasts for a week.
If gout is chronitized, then uric acid salts begin to be deposited next to the sore joint. They have the appearance of growths and are called tophi.
Therapy comes down to taking anti-inflammatory drugs and dieting.
This pathology has an autoimmune nature. Small joints suffer from the disease.
Although the exact causes of the development of rheumatoid arthritis have not yet been established, scientists call factors contributing to its occurrence:
Excessive loads on the body.
Viral and bacterial infections.
Symptoms of the disease are as follows:
The man quickly gets tired.
In the morning, immediately after waking up, he will experience stiffness in the joints of the fingers and toes.
Pains are exacerbated during static loads.
During periods of exacerbation of illness, the patient’s well-being is disturbed. He experiences general weakness and malaise, becomes unable to carry out previous amounts of work, refuses to eat.
In this case, the defeat of the small joints of the legs and arms is not the most formidable phenomenon of rheumatoid arthritis. A person can die from the fact that his body will be depleted, or from renal failure.
To detect the disease, you will have to undergo a series of examinations, including blood donation and radiography.
Therapy is carried out with the help of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics, diet and physiotherapy.
Rheumatism has an autoimmune nature of origin. To provoke the disease can infection caused by streptococci. The body begins to actively fight pathogens, producing antibodies against them. However, they turn out to be destructive not only for bacteria, but also for the body’s own tissues. Rheumatism affects joints and heart valves.
The foot does not often hurt with rheumatism. Ankle suffers only with severe infection.
Characteristics of pain in rheumatism:
Localized pain in the area of the foot.
In addition to pain, there are signs of inflammation: swelling of tissues, local increase in body temperature.
The pain is intense, but does not last long.
Rheumatism is dangerous not only by damage to the joints, but also by damage to the valves of the heart.
To identify the disease, you must contact a rheumatologist. Therapy comes down to taking anti-inflammatory drugs and antibacterial drugs.
Useful video from the doctor
Professor neurologist, chiropractor and medical kinesiologist, Ph.D. Vasilyevna Lyudmila Fedorovna about pains in the foot:
Education: Diploma in "General Medicine" received in 2009 at the Medical Academy. I.M. Sechenov. In 2012, completed a postgraduate course in the specialty "Traumatology and Orthopedics" in the City Clinical Hospital. Botkin at the Department of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Disaster Surgery.
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Pain in the legs is caused by a combination of symptoms resulting from various diseases of the lower extremities. They manifest themselves in the form of painful sensations of an acute or pulling character.
Leg pain occurs for various reasons and the most common of them are diseases of the joints and the spine, atherosclerosis of the arteries, thrombophlebitis, flat feet, neuralgia, myositis, various injuries.
There are several common causes of pain in the thigh. This can be associated with pathologies of the hip joint, with active physical exertion, infectious processes, as well as injuries and contusions.
Most often, pain in the joints, calf muscles and legs is due to the presence of inflammatory diseases of the veins. Thrombophlebitis and phlebitis can be attributed to this category. The development of varicose veins, which is accompanied by a pronounced dilation of the veins, is a typical symptom of these diseases.
The first place among the causes of pain in the knees and under the knee are various injuries of the knee - stretching of tendons, cartilage, periarticular bags or meniscus injury, fracture of the patella, damage to the patella itself.
General characteristics of such a symptom
The bones of the foot are connected so that they form two arches: longitudinal and transverse. Thanks to them, she springs when walking and running, softening all the shocks and blows, protecting the lower limbs and the spine from them. In addition, the foot helps a person to maintain balance. When walking, the person first rests on the heel, then rolls on the outside of the foot, at the end repels his fingers. This ensures smooth movement. The special structure is also necessary in order to jump, squat and perform many other movements.
When your feet hurt, a person cannot move normally. Each step causes discomfort or sharp pain. In addition, there may be a burning sensation, itching, numbness. Pain can be diffuse, spreading to the entire foot or localized in one of its parts. In some pathologies, there is a deformation of the bones of the foot, the flattening of its arches, and damage to the skin.
Most often, pain in the foot when walking occurs due to increased stress, improperly chosen shoes or inflammatory diseases. Moreover, such sensations can be caused not only by the pathologies of the feet themselves. Diseases of the spine and joints of the lower extremities, as well as some systemic diseases affect their condition.
Pain in the feet may appear in any person. Usually, pain occurs after a long walk, playing sports or carrying weights. They can also be caused by weakness of the musculo-ligamentous apparatus of the foot, obesity, or congenital abnormalities of the structure. But they do not always indicate pathological processes. The main reasons for this condition are overwork and increased stress on the muscular-ligamentous apparatus. After all, the feet take on all the weight of a person’s body, and with long walking, running, jumping, this load increases.
In addition, often hurt the feet because of wearing uncomfortable shoes. This is especially true for high heels, therefore, such pains are more familiar to women. When walking on a high heel, the main load falls on the toes, and the foot does not roll from heel to toe, as it should. Therefore, the muscles and ligaments experience increased loads. And after a long walk in such shoes there is a sharp pain.
The unnatural position of the foot also happens when wearing narrow shoes. It squeezes the fingers strongly and prevents the transverse arch from performing its cushioning functions. A similar condition can occur if the shoe is too stiff or thin. In this case, not only the foot itself suffers. Due to the fact that it does not spring, increased loads fall on the spine and lower limbs. If you often wear such shoes, pain may occur not only in the foot, but also in the joints.
If the discomfort is not strong, it appears after the load, and after a while passes, there is nothing to worry about. You only need to choose the right shoes for sports or long walking, do not wear high heels for a long time. But it happens that the pain is very strong, sharp or burning, or it occurs not only when walking. In such cases, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will help determine why unpleasant sensations have appeared.
After all, it may be an injury to the bones, joints or ligaments of the foot. Even with a normal bruise or after a bare foot stepping on a stone, edema, hematoma develops. Pain usually occurs only when pressing or walking. If the ligaments or joints are damaged, and also at a fracture on the foot it is very painful to attack, often it completely loses its supporting functions. It quickly swells up, the pain can be felt even at rest.
In addition, such sensations can occur with inflammatory diseases, circulatory disorders or deformities of the foot. The earlier the survey, the easier it is to get rid of the pathology.
A foot can hurt in the presence of various diseases:
- valgus deformity
- diabetes mellitus
- endarteritis obliterans,
- varicose veins,
In order to determine why the foot hurts, you need to consult a surgeon or orthopedist. In addition to external examination and clarification of the peculiarities of pain, the doctor prescribes an examination. First of all, it is an x-ray that will help detect the presence of deformities or injuries of bones and joints. Sometimes you need to do an ultrasound or MRI. The examination allows you to make a diagnosis in time and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Most often hurts the foot in the middle when walking with plantar fasciitis. This is an inflammation of the longitudinal ligament that runs along the sole. When stepping on the foot there is a sharp unbearable pain. It increases in the morning, and in the evening it may subside. The cause of the pathology can be a long wearing of high heels, increased stress, obesity.
Constant inflammatory process often leads to the formation of growth on the calcaneus. In this case, they say about the appearance of the heel spur. The pain is observed in the middle of the foot. She is very strong and prevents the patient from walking.
The most common of these is arthritis. And the joints in the foot are most often affected by rheumatoid, gouty or infectious arthritis. Symptoms of this disease are stiffness in movement, swelling, redness of the skin, pain in the joint.
These feelings are most pronounced in gout. The pain during acute exacerbation arises not only when walking, but also at rest. Especially often suffer the sick at night. Moreover, only one right or one left leg can be affected. And in rheumatoid arthritis, the joints are usually inflamed symmetrically.
Ligaments of the foot and ankle joint may also be inflamed. The rise of the foot hurts with Achillotendinitis or Achillobursitis. When walking, these sensations become sharp, shooting. Ligamentitis is a post-traumatic inflammation of the ligaments in the front of the foot, on the sole or in the area of the lift. Inflammation can also joint bags. This leads to the development of bursitis.
The most common pathology of the feet associated with the vessels is varicose veins. This disease begins with varicose veins in the legs. Then there is heaviness in the legs, cramps. At the late stage, the patient is constantly worried about pain in the feet. If the pathology is not treated, the appearance of blood clots, the development of phlebitis is possible. But pain in the foot can also occur in other pathologies. After all, if the blood supply fails, the metabolic processes slow down, ulcers appear, tissues can die off. This may cause burning, baking or stabbing sensations, numbness.
It hurts the foot when walking also in patients with pathologies such as diabetic foot. It is a complication of diabetes. Expressed in the appearance of edema, muscle weakness, numbness. Ulcers appear on the skin, they can grow large and lead to the need for amputation. The reason for this is the defeat of small blood vessels due to high blood sugar.
In patients with obliterating endarteritis, even a small walk causes suffering. The pain in the foot with this disease is burning, painful. It changes the patient's gait, makes it stop every 20 meters.
If nerve conduction is violated or nerve roots are inflamed, pain in the foot also occurs. This is most often associated with deformity of the foot due to flatfoot or injury.
But there are several diseases that are characterized by similar symptoms:
- Funicular myelosis is a pathology associated with impaired processes of conducting nerve impulses in the spinal cord. This is due to a lack of vitamin B.12.
- Pain neuropathy occurs with diabetes or alcoholism. Nerve roots are affected, which leads to severe pain in the feet.
- Morton's neuroma is characterized by sharp shooting pains in the forefoot at the crook of the fingers. There is a disease due to thickening of the interdigital nerves. Most often this happens when they are squeezed for a long time, for example, while wearing high heels.
When pain in the foot appears, not every person will understand what to do to get rid of them. Therefore, it is better to consult a doctor who, after examination, will determine their causes. Independently to relieve pain is possible only in the case when they are infrequent and weak, occur after overwork or prolonged stay on their feet in uncomfortable shoes. It is best for this to take a warm foot bath with sea salt, make a light massage, you can with anesthetic cream, and lie down, lifting his legs to the pillow. Usually in the morning the pain passes.
But if there are pathologies of the feet or other diseases, the painful sensations need to be treated comprehensively. First of all, this reduction in loads, changing shoes to a more comfortable, and better - orthopedic. Sometimes it requires the use of special bandages or orthoses, and after an injury - the imposition of plaster. In addition, it is necessary to eliminate the causes of pain, curing the diseases that caused them. And as a symptomatic treatment, medications and physiotherapeutic procedures are used.
Drug treatment is prescribed by a doctor, taking into account the cause of pain and the severity of the patient's condition. The most commonly used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets or ointments. Effective Diclofenac. Nimesulide, Meloxicam, Ketanov, Ibuprofen.Sometimes it requires the use of injections of corticosteroids, for example, hydrocortisone. In addition, depending on the disease that causes pain, other medicines are prescribed: antibiotics, chondroprotectors, multivitamins, vasodilators.
Of physiotherapeutic procedures, contrast baths, mud baths, paraffin, cryotherapy are especially effective. It is useful to do a massage with special ointments or essential oils. With many pathologies, radiotherapy, magnet, shock wave therapy, electrophoresis help.
Often, in addition to the measures prescribed by the doctor, treatment with folk remedies is recommended. They will help to quickly get rid of pain and return the feet of their function. Most commonly used recipes are:
- for gout, it is necessary to rub into the joint an ointment of 50 g of dry mustard, 200 g of sea salt and kerosene,
- with inflammation of the joints, an ointment of butter, fir gum and beeswax helps,
- effectively relieve the pain of tincture of birch buds or lilac flowers,
- at night you need to make a compress from mummy dissolved in liquid honey,
- help bath with essential oil of cloves or eucalyptus.
Pain in the feet can cause serious trouble to a person, greatly reduce its performance. Therefore, it is best to prevent their occurrence. To this end, it is recommended to treat inflammatory diseases and circulatory disorders in time. It is necessary to avoid injuries and try to wear comfortable shoes, especially when playing sports.
To strengthen the muscles and ligaments of the foot you need to walk more, walk on skis or by bike. But it is not necessary to over-exaggerate, when discomfort appears, it is better to have some rest. It is useful to walk barefoot on the grass or sand, swim, do gymnastics.
Pain in the feet greatly reduces the quality of human life. Therefore, we must get rid of them as soon as possible. And for this, treatment should be prescribed by a doctor depending on the cause of the pathology.
Causes of pathology
There are many causes of foot pain. A similar condition can be observed when walking, at rest, when the weather changes, etc. Only the attending physician is able to clarify the etiology of the disease, therefore at the first uncomfortable manifestations one should contact the medical institution.
Most often pain symptoms in the lower limbs may be due to the following conditions:
1. Muscle strain and calcium deficiency
Pain in the raising of the foot of the aching, diffuse and diffuse nature, which occur during prolonged walking or standing on the legs, as well as with incorrectly chosen shoes, may indicate hypocalcemia (insufficient calcium intake in orgasm). In addition, similar symptoms accompany osteoporosis, characterized by fragility and fragility of bones, which do not withstand increased physical exertion.
3. Plantar fasciitis
The causes of the development of fasciitis, which, in turn, provokes pain symptoms during walking, can be flat feet, obesity, increased stress on the feet, uncomfortable shoes and pregnancy. Such conditions cause increased tension in fasciae, which weaken and do not depreciate well enough. In this case, the arch of the foot hurts when walking, as well as the calcaneus. The patient has pain and heaviness in the legs, especially after a night's sleep and in the evening, at the end of a hard day's work.
In the absence of therapeutic interventions, plantar fasciitis is able to provoke the growth of the heel spur at the junctions of the tendons.
The inflammatory process of the foot joints can lead to arthritis and arthrosis, in which the patient cannot even step on the foot. Arthritis is characterized by a wave-like course (after a lull phase, an exacerbation may suddenly begin with hyperemia of the affected area and swelling of the joint). Predictors of the disease can be SARS, hypothermia, and even severe stress.
The initial signs of the development of arthrosis are periodically occurring when walking pain and rapid fatigue of the foot. As a result of the growing “bone” on the foot, the patient cannot stand for a long time, his gait changes, and pain can appear even at rest. The appearance of arthrosis is accompanied by increased loads on the lower limbs, excess weight, incorrectly chosen shoes and other factors contributing to the destruction of the tarsus, with the result that there is a “bone” on the thumb.
7. Neuritis and pinching of nerve endings
In this case, pain in the feet when walking is due to inflammatory processes and pinching of nerve endings. This condition most often occurs as a result of ankle deformity, circulatory disorders in the lower extremities and age-related changes (metatarsalgia), in which there is a natural decrease in body fat in the metatarsus. Metatarsalgia results in impaired depreciation of the foot, which leads to the emergence of severe pain symptoms during movement or long standing on the legs.
8. Bursitis of the foot
This disease is characterized by the formation of an inflammatory process in the periarticular bag of the Achilles tendon. Typical signs of bursitis are swelling of the affected area, sharp pain in the foot and discomfort at the slightest movement. The occurrence of bursitis is due to excessive physical stress on the joint, infectious processes of various etiologies and the complication of arthrosis.
In addition to the above diseases, burning, redness and pain in the foot pads can cause erythromegaly (vascular pathology). In case of diabetes mellitus, the formation of nonhealing cracks and ulcers is possible, which leads to reddening of the inflamed area and pain when walking. To provoke severe pain in the lower limbs may be secondary factors that are not directly related to the soft tissues and joints of the foot. These include plantar warts, calluses or ingrown nails in the finger.
In all cases, you must appeal to a highly qualified doctor, who, if necessary, prescribe a diagnostic examination and will begin timely treatment of pain.
Causes of pain in children
Any pathological conditions of the musculoskeletal system in childhood require special attention. In order to find out why it is painful to walk and the feet of the children hurt, it is necessary to exclude a number of serious diseases.
The most common pain symptoms in children when walking provoke the following conditions:
- when your feet hurt, but there are no additional symptoms, this may indicate an initial stage of rickets and a lack of calcium in the body,
- The cause of pain in the foot may be bed rest or, conversely, increased activity of the baby. In addition, such manifestations in a child can cause severe stress on the lower limbs and rapid weight gain,
- pain symptoms during movement can result from impaired blood supply and rheumatoid arthritis of the foot. Causes of pain can be obesity, arteriosclerosis obliterans, overwork and squeezing of the feet,
- mechanical compression of the nerve endings as a result of neuroma (benign neoplasm) can provoke pain in the sole of the foot in children when walking,
- similar manifestations are possible with ingrown nails, bursitis, plantar warts and calluses.
When the initial pain symptoms in children appear, it is important to seek professional medical help, which will allow for a thorough diagnosis and prevent a number of serious complications.
Localization of pain
If the foot hurts badly during movement, first of all it is necessary to determine exactly where the pain center is located. Based on the characteristic signs, you can find out the cause of these symptoms:
- pain in the fingers - in this case, the uncomfortable state at the top and in the lower part of the foot, as a rule, is caused by valgus deformity and nail ingrowth,
- middle part of the foot - caused by fasciitis and metatarsalgia. This disease occurs in violation of the functionality of the tendon muscles of the foot and joints. Displacement of the superficial joint leads to the development of the inflammatory process and patients suffering from metatarsalgia feel sharp shooting in the leg,
- heel - with severe pain in the heel when walking, Achillotenditin (degenerative-inflammatory change in the Achilles tendon) should be excluded. The main signs of this disease are shooting and burning in the heel,
- sole - foot pussy caused by fasciitis quite often. In this disease, inflammation is present in the middle of the sole when walking.
If you experience pain symptoms, you should first consult with a neurologist or orthopedist. If necessary, specialists will prescribe a number of diagnostic measures, during which the cause of the development of the pathology will be identified and appropriate therapy prescribed.
After the doctor finds out why the foot hurts when walking, he prescribes a specific treatment regimen, which may consist of several stages:
- with the inflammatory nature of the disease, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are included in the mandatory list of treatment. This group includes drugs such as Indomethacin, Nimesil, Ortofen, Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs,
- if osteoarthritis is the cause of pain, chondroprotectors (Don, Struktum, Chondroitin, etc.) should be taken, which have a regenerating effect on cartilage tissue,
- if necessary, the treatment of pain in the foot area is supplemented with antibiotics that help to relieve the inflammatory process not only in the foot, but throughout the body. With a properly selected preparation, the recovery period of the lower extremities functionality is significantly reduced,
- in case of severe development of the pathological condition, it is recommended to take corticosteroids (Prednisolone, Dexamezaton, Metipred, etc.), which quickly relieve pain symptoms and accelerate the process of joint repair,
- the appearance of pain when walking, caused by injury, involves the use of special fixing devices (orthopedic tires, splints, elastic bandaging, etc.). In addition, the required limitation of motor activity and the normalization of the daily mode,
- therapeutic measures necessarily include the use of external agents (Fastum-gel, Ketorol, etc.), which are not able to eliminate the root cause of the disease, but rather effectively relieve pain symptoms and the inflammatory process.
Before being treated, according to the traditional scheme, it is quite possible to reduce discomfort in the foot, if you normalize the physical load on the lower limbs (more rest, reduce the time for walking).
The principle of this method of therapy is very simple. Within 5-7 minutes (alternately), the legs are poured first with cold water and then hot. However, despite the positive effect of contrasting douches, it is imperative to consult a doctor to avoid the risk of side effects. In addition to contrasting douche, hot baths with the addition of sea salt have good efficacy.
Use of essential oils
The most common treatment uses oils of juniper, rosemary and eucalyptus, which are added to a hot bath (6 drops each). Next, the legs are lowered into the bath and the procedure continues until the water has cooled. The duration of the course of treatment is 3-5 sessions.
The easiest way to relieve discomfort and pain in the legs when walking is self-massage, including water. The procedure can be performed with the addition of massage cream, massaging the foot and fingers in circular motions, or under a stream of water.
It is possible to arrest severe pain in the upper part of the foot with the help of ice, the pieces of which are wrapped in a clean towel, after which it is applied for 5-10 minutes to the inflamed area. After the compress is removed, the area to which the ice was applied can be smeared with vodka or alcohol, which will improve the circulation of the limb.
When a person is hurt to step on his foot and every movement is accompanied by unpleasant manifestations, doctors recommend performing simple gymnastic exercises:
- you need to perform 10 rotations stop (first to the left side, and then to the right),
- small objects (pens, pencils, toys) should be lifted from the floor by toes,
- To ensure foot massaging, it is recommended to put a small amount of dry beans into the shoes, then walk in these shoes for 5-7 minutes.
These exercises should be performed 1-2 times a day, but it is important to consider that, despite the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises, you should consult with your doctor before using it.
To prevent the development of pathological manifestations in the foot, it is necessary to observe prevention, which includes the following measures:
- In order to avoid the appearance of pain from above in the foot during movement, it is necessary to reduce the physical load on the lower limbs, as they increase the risk of developing inflammatory diseases of the joints and, as a result, lead to negative feelings,
- It is important to wear proper shoes that fit the size and are made from a natural material that provides good breathability. In addition, women are encouraged to abandon high heels, however, and a flat sole can lead to pain when walking. The optimum heel height should not exceed 5 centimeters,
- If you injure your leg, you need to get professional medical care in a timely manner. Otherwise, the development of an inflammatory process is possible, which can lead to a number of serious complications and, in some cases, to a patient’s disability,
- helps to prevent pain in the foot, including in childhood, wearing orthopedic insoles, which maximally relieve the foot and contribute to the normalization of movement during walking,
- In all cases of pain from the bottom of the foot, food should be normalized, including more fresh fruits and vegetables, eliminating harmful foods, which include sweet, fatty, salty and smoked foods.
A patient who suddenly had pain in the foot while walking should know that his further condition depends on how timely he visits the doctor. The duration of the treatment and the recovery period is determined by several factors, including the age category, the severity of the patient's condition, the neglect of the inflammatory process and the presence of chronic diseases.
With early treatment of the symptoms of the disease can be managed in 2-3 weeks of a course of treatment, and in severe cases, the rehabilitation period can take from 2 to 4 months. In most cases, the prognosis for recovery is favorable.
Why does discomfort appear?
Such a question arises in every person who has pain in the foot when walking. The reasons are often hidden in the disruption of the body.
Sources of unpleasant sensations can be:
- joint problems
- diseases of the vertebral part of the skeleton,
- diseases of the blood vessels
- suffered injuries
- pathology of the peripheral nervous system.
Thus, the source of pain can be hidden and obvious diseases.
Consider the most common diseases.
Pain in the foot when walking, after sleeping, in the morning, can be caused by arthritis. With this disease, the cartilage tissues in the articular joints are destroyed. There are several types of this disease:
- rheumatoid arthritis.
Pathology is characterized by the following symptoms:
- in the morning, after sleeping, stiffness appears in the small joints,
- the affected area thickens and swells,
- while walking the sore joint quickly gets tired,
- redness is observed in the affected area.
For arthritis, pain relievers, NSAIDs, are recommended for the patient. They can prescribe injections into the joint cavity to reduce inflammation and eliminate severe pain. If infectious arthritis is the basis for discomfort, antibiotics are included in the treatment.
It is this disease that most often causes women to experience pain in the foot when walking in heels. Leg for a long time is in the wrong position. As a result, the toe has an excessive load.
Pathology is characterized by thickening of the interdigital nerves. The tumors, called neuromas, begin to develop. This is a benign growth that forms from the nerve myelin sheaths.
Most often in women with a diagnosis of neuroma, Morton's foot is deformed, swelling is present. The pain results from the compression of the nerve, which in this state does not receive the necessary nutrition. This usually occurs while walking.
Discomfort with flat feet
Many people encounter this pathology. After all, flatfoot is one of the most common and well-known forms of foot deformity. The disease can be congenital and acquired. Therefore, you should contact the orthopedist, if suddenly began to appear pain in the foot while walking. The causes of illness are hidden in the weakness of the musculo-ligamentous apparatus.
The main symptoms of flatfoot include:
- increased leg fatigue and possible convulsions,
- visual defect of the foot, which leads to accelerated wear of shoes,
- pains in the outer sides of the feet, triggered by improper distribution of weight.
Effective treatment is possible only in childhood. In adulthood, pathology is incurable. However, there are a number of techniques aimed at reducing pain.
- use special shoes or orthopedic insoles,
- daily to do gymnastics, strengthening the arches of the feet.
This disease can be accurately determined only by X-ray examination.
But there are a number of symptoms that indicate this pathology:
- pain in the foot and rise,
- swelling of the back of the foot.
Traumatic tendovaginitis or marching foot - this is the deformation that leads to wearing uncomfortable shoes. The illness can be caused by increased loads. As a rule, pathology is diagnosed in the military, mainly in the initial stages of the service. Be sure to consult your doctor if you are worried about pain in the foot when walking. The reasons, the treatment can competently explain only a specialist.
The course of therapy depends on the stage of development of the disease. In periods of acute pain, bed rest is recommended. Sometimes cast on the foot and lift. When the pain subsides, prescribe massage and warming procedures.
The main methods of treatment
Of course, you need to consult a doctor if there is pain in the foot when walking. Causes and treatment are closely interrelated. And only after a specialist diagnosis can pick up adequate therapy.
However, there are several recommendations on how to reduce discomfort in the foot before visiting a doctor:
- Rest and reduce physical exertion. In case of ailments, it is recommended to reduce the number of walks and give legs more rest.
- Women should refrain from wearing heels.
- Wear orthopedic shoes. It significantly reduces muscle fatigue. In childhood, such shoes can cure flat feet.
- Use orthopedic insoles.
There are a number of methods of traditional medicine, which have proven to be effective. Consider them.
Essence of relaxation
Benefit will bring: oil of eucalyptus, rosemary and juniper. Baths with these herbs provide relaxation to the legs and reduce pain.
It is necessary to pour in a basin of hot water. Add there 6 drops of the above oils. Dip your feet in the tub. The procedure continues until the water has cooled.
The simplest and most famous form of getting rid of unpleasant pain in the legs is massage.
The main advantage of the method is that it does not require any additional devices. This procedure can be done independently.
Take a little cream and rub in a circular motion on the feet. Massage your toes separately.
Do not forget that you should initially find out if there is pain in the foot when walking, the reasons. Treatment of folk remedies includes many effective techniques and old recipes. But they can be used only after diagnosis, so as not to provoke unpleasant consequences.
In case of unbearable pain, you can turn to ice. Shoot it in a towel and attach it to the inflamed area. After the procedure, this place is better to lubricate the alcohol solution.
Exercise will help to cope with discomfort in the feet.
Apply these movements:
- Rotation of the feet. It is best to do this exercise in several approaches. 10 rotational movements in one direction, then - in another.
- Barefoot roll a small ball. It stimulates blood circulation in the foot and softens the tissues.
- Use your toes to lift small items from the floor, such as pens and pencils.
- Organize a light foot massage, placing a little dry legumes in your home shoes.
Despite the large number of recommendations, do not rush to resort to the use of folk remedies. Initially consult a doctor.
Our legs do not just maintain the weight of the whole body, they absorb when walking, running, jumping, which helps to protect internal organs from shaking. The bones, ligaments and muscles of the legs absorb a large number of fluctuations during a person's life, experiencing huge loads, which are added especially if the person is an athlete or is obese.
Complaints of pain in the foot in medical practice is quite common. It can occur as a limited area, and cover the entire foot, be both common and diffuse.
We will consider the different reasons for the emergence of this pain and talk about how to deal with it and prevent its occurrence.
General pain in the feet: causes
If the foot hurts only during walking or another load, but does not give other cause for concern, then this may be a manifestation of a lack of calcium in the body (the so-called osteopathy) and associated pathologies in the form of rickets, osteomalacia (softening of the bones) and senile osteoporosis. .
By the way, pain in the foot with a slight pressure on the bone is in these cases a characteristic feature of the described pathology.
At rest, pain in the soles of the feet are especially strong in osteoporosis, which is caused both by injuries and by inflammatory processes in the joints, bones and soft tissues that extend from the ankle to the foot. They can even lead to a complete loss of the support function of the legs.
Pain in the feet with flat feet
Another fairly common reason for which pain occurs is flatfoot. When it vault falls and becomes flat, while the stop itself loses the function of the shock absorber. In such cases, there is pain in the foot when walking, running and during prolonged standing.
It must be said that congenital flat-footedness is a rather rare phenomenon, as a rule, excessive stresses on the legs, curvature of the spine, lack of vitamins during the period of active growth, as well as carrying weights lead to it over time.
Fractures of the bones of the ankles or feet can lead to the development of traumatic flatfoot. And it is interesting that with a fracture such flat feet can develop on the other leg.
Excess weight is also a cause of flatfoot.
How does the "march foot"
A pain in the upper part of the foot may push the doctor to make a diagnosis of “marching foot”. This curious phrase means a condition in which deformities appear, leading to changes in the bone structure, and pain in the legs. As a rule, this happens after loads associated with prolonged walking, lifting weights and other physical activities that exert strong pressure on the joints and ligaments and cause painful sensations.
By the way, soldiers often complain of these symptoms in the first months of military service.
Hygroma of the foot and its treatment
If a rather tight bump appears on the foot, which begins to grow and hurt, then most likely you have a hygroma of the foot. It is a benign growth that is a collection of fluid and mucus in the subcutaneous area.
As a rule, its development causes uncomfortable shoes or large loads on the legs. At first, this neoplasm does not bother the patient, but later, with pressure or during movement, dull pain in the foot may be felt.
The treatment of this disease depends on the degree of tumor growth. With its high magnification, surgical excision of the hygroma is indicated. If it is small, then a seal is punctured and the contents are pumped out to the patient, and sclerosing preparations are injected into the cavity and a pressure bandage is applied.
What is plantar fasciitis
The symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain in the foot that occurs at the time of the first steps after a night's sleep or a long rest. The causes of this pathology lie in the multiple microtraumas of the plantar fascia - a hard layer of connective tissue that supports the arch, going from the heel to the front of the foot.
This is a fairly common disease, an average of one in ten people suffers from it. And runners are especially susceptible to this pathology. One of the causes of the pathology can be a sprain of the plantar fascia, and as a result of this, tuck the foot inward (the so-called pronation).
It can provoke both an overweight person, and the wearing of uncomfortable shoes, flat feet or age (most cases, as a rule, reached 40 years).
In some cases, a complication develops - the “spur”, which is formed on the calcaneus, in the place where the tendon is attached. At the same time, the appearing bone protrusion constantly injures the surrounding tissues, causing excruciating pain under the foot.
There is no universal method for the treatment of fasciitis. As a rule, symptomatic agents in the form of painkillers are used to alleviate the condition, for example, Advil or Ibuprofen. To remove the swelling, doctors advise you to apply ice or cold compresses to the soles, limit the load on your legs, avoid hard surfaces and perform exercises for stretching your shin several times a day. And special attention should be paid to this in the morning, just waking up.
In severe cases of the development of this disease, surgical intervention is used, which involves the separation of the fascia ligament from the calcaneus, which will not allow it to subsequently pull the bone, causing pain in the foot when walking. Such an intervention is done with the help of microsurgical instruments through two small incisions in the leg.
Osteoarthritis is another cause of pain in the foot.
Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative change in cartilage tissue or the disease of their "wear". It is a problem for many people who have reached the middle age, when the ability of cartilage to heal itself is greatly reduced.
Over the years, the smooth, slippery surface at the ends of the bone (cartilage) wears out and loses its qualities, which usually leads to edema and pain in the toes or other joints.
Osteoarthritis progresses, as a rule, slowly, and the symptoms over time become more pronounced. By the way, obesity can also cause this pathology.
Is it possible to treat rheumatoid arthritis
If the patient has time to seek medical help even in the period of chilling sensations in the legs in the morning, the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis will be most effective.
As a rule, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed to the patient. They act precisely on the inflammatory process that causes pain in the foot, and from the first days of administration they give a good healing effect. The most effective of them is considered the drug "Diclofenac Forte."
Another important component of the therapeutic complex is hormonal drugs (for example, Prednisolone), which have a more powerful anti-inflammatory effect.
But it should be noted that the drugs in each case should be selected only by a doctor.
In addition, the patient will have to revise their diet and devote time to physical exercises specifically designed for such patients.
As you may have guessed, the cause of post-traumatic arthritis is injuries of the foot or ankle. In particular, fractures, due to which, by the way, the risk of developing arthritis increases sevenfold.
If the cartilage injury has been repeated several times, this can lead to dystrophic changes in the joints. As a rule, pain in the foot, the causes of which lie in the development of post-traumatic arthritis, increases gradually and leads eventually to a limitation of the motor ability of the affected joint.
Painful sensations are also accompanied by soreness in the bones, swelling at the site of injury, as well as a crunch in the joint.
The primary task of treatment is to reduce pain. But often, in order to restore the work of the affected joint, surgical intervention is used. This is the so-called endoprosthesis replacement method, which allows the patient to be relieved of constant pain and lameness.
Injuries, ligament damage
Severe pain in the foot when walking, triggered by a sharp blow or contusion, causes swelling, hematomas and swelling in the middle of the affected area. In addition, injury to the foot can cause permanent microtraumas in the joint or damaged ligaments of the foot. Only a doctor, having performed an X-ray examination, is able to make a correct diagnosis, so you should immediately seek medical help.
Cause of pain - sciatica
If there is an intervertebral hernia in the lumbar spine or a viral lesion of the sciatic nerve, a condition called sciatica may develop. It is caused by the infringement of nerve endings with hernial protrusion or inflammatory processes occurring along the nerve.
The most common symptoms of sciatica are: pain in the buttock or leg, aggravated by sitting, pain from the hip to the foot, burning in the lower leg, muscle weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the limb.
By the way, in most cases with sciatica back pain is much less than the sensation in the leg. In addition, they can intensify even when coughing, laughing or sneezing.
Diagnosis of sciatica
Intervertebral hernia, leading to the above painful condition, is formed at the time of breaking through the fibrous membrane of the inner gel-like part of the intervertebral disk. This bulging can squeeze the nerve roots that extend from the spine and cause other serious consequences.
In order to prevent this, as soon as pain in the foot appears, it is necessary to consult a neurologist who will send you to an MRI of the spine. This examination allows you to see a hernia and give a clear picture of the disease.
Remember that the use of only local painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs for sciatica will not affect the main cause of pain, and, accordingly, will be ineffective.
Treatment of the disease
To effectively alleviate the patient's condition with sciatica, it is necessary to restore normal metabolic processes in the intervertebral space, release squeezed nerve roots and eliminate spasms. For this, the methods of manual therapy, acupressure and acupuncture are used. Good results gives electrical stimulation of the muscles. In addition, the patient is offered to wear special fixing belts.
But increasingly, doctors have resorted to surgical methods of treating the disease.
Other causes of foot pain
Pain in the foot can also be symptoms of soft tissue damage, for example, ingrown nails, which is accompanied by inflammation and redness of the affected areas. Most often this happens on the big toes. If you do not pay attention to this problem in time, the place of ingrowth can fester and swell up.
Bursitis may also be very painful for the foot. This disease is caused by bruises or chronic microtraumas, which lead to inflammation of the synovial sac and accumulation of exudate in it. In addition to painful sensations, bursitis, as a rule, is accompanied by the appearance of well-defined formations that are hot to the touch.
It is treated by imposing a plaster splint and taking anti-inflammatory drugs.
The main causes of pain in the foot
There are many reasons why the foot hurts when walking. Consider the most common options.
- Problems with ligaments. Stretching, overstressing or tearing - all this leads to the fact that it is painful for a person to step on a foot. Even after a rest and at rest, the problem does not go away.
- Arthritis. Inflammation of the joints, due to which people feel discomfort, stiffness in movements. Pain makes itself felt with active movements: sore feet when walking, straightening and bending.
- Metatarsalgia. This problem is characterized by a serious change in the structure of the metatarsal bones. A person does not just have unpleasant feelings. He is simply unable to stand or lean on his injured leg.
- Tendonitis. If the arch of the foot hurts when walking, then the attending physician will most likely diagnose this disease, which consists of changing and destroying the tissues of the tibial muscle.
- Varicose veins Veins expand and stretch, which inevitably provokes swelling of the extremities.
- Gout. The disease affects the tissues and joints of the body, leading to the appearance of cutting pain in the legs.
- Damage to the foot. Bruises, bumps and any other damage to the tendons, tissues and muscles of the legs cause swelling and hematomas that cause discomfort when walking.
Why does heel pain appear when walking
According to statistics, in 20% of cases, when the heel of the foot hurts when walking, the problem lies in the Achillotendinitis. It is accompanied by an inflammatory and degenerative process affecting the Achilles tendons. Symptoms of the disease:
- Excessive pronation,
- Shooting and burning in the heel.
Achillotendinitis occurs due to weak heating of the tendons before physical exertion or deformation of the calcaneus.
The heel spur is another common problem that causes a sore foot near the heel when walking. May occur during the formation of growth in the area where the tendons are fixed. The following factors provoke the development of the disease:
- injuries and bruises,
- flat feet,
- tendon rupture or distension,
- serious load on the legs.
In any case, it is worth to consult a doctor. Only a specialist will determine why the feet are hurt when walking, he will prescribe the treatment and help to get rid of the discomfort.
Pain in the sole when walking
A common reason why a foot in the middle hurts when walking is plantar fasciitis. What is he like? This is an inflammatory process that takes place in the connective tissue located on the sole. What can lead to it? Experts identify several factors:
- heavy loads
- uncomfortable shoes.
Metatarsalgia also cannot be ruled out. Such pathologies lead to a change in the normal functioning of the tendons, joints and muscles located on the foot. All this is accompanied by inflammation and pain. A person feels rezi, constant burning and periodic shooting in the leg. The disease appears for several reasons:
- prolonged squeezing of the legs (tight shoes)
- blood supply problems
- muscle fatigue
- blood vessel diseases.
What to do if seriously hurt the middle of the foot when walking? First, consult a neurologist or orthopedist for advice. The doctor will perform an examination, establish the exact cause, which will allow you to prescribe an effective treatment. Remember that you need to cope with problems that cause discomfort, and not just remove the symptoms.
Sore foot when walking: how to treat?
The main difficulty lies in the fact that problems with feet and legs do not appear immediately, but gradually. Initially, symptoms may be subtle. The person does not pay attention to small pains in the legs, thinking that the reason lies in fatigue and overstrain.
If the foot hurts when walking, the treatment is different. It all depends on what exactly is the source of pain. Often, experts prescribe:
- Foot baths. Herbs, essential oils and other ingredients are added to warm water. All this improves blood circulation, restores damage to soft tissues.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs of local action (gels). If your feet hurt after walking due to joint inflammation, then doctors often prescribe gels that remove swelling, relieve tension and inflammation.
- Warming ointment. If there are problems with blood supply in the lower extremities, then these medications contribute to blood thinning and help to effectively get rid of discomfort when walking.
If the doctor determines that the foot hurts in the area of the foot when walking due to a disease, then treatment will be prescribed with the use of drugs that are responsible for eliminating the cause of the disease.
Sometimes problems arise due to excessive muscle weakness. For example, girls often with unaccustomed foot pain when walking in heels. In this case, the doctor prescribes a course of treatment and exercise that promotes muscle development.
Arthritis of the foot joints
Inflammatory disease affects the joints, accompanied by pain during active movements (flexion-extension). There are two types: monoarthritis and polyarthritis. The disease eventually affects all articular tissues in the middle of the foot: the bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons. Therapy for arthritis includes the use of painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy. In the latter stages, surgical treatment is indicated.
How to treat pain in the foot when walking?
Having established the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes a course of therapy, which is selected individually for each patient. Treatment of foot diseases should be a complex, this approach combines the use of medicines and physiotherapy. It is also important to eliminate the factors that aggravate the pain in the feet and lead to the progression of the disease. Reducing stress on the foot, strengthening muscles and changing uncomfortable shoes have a beneficial effect on the course of treatment.
Long walking, running and long standing often lead to fatigue, in which the soles of the feet hurt. Massage helps to relax the extremities and relieve pain. This is a rather simple procedure, and it will not be difficult to carry it out at home. From the inside and bottom of the foot, apply the cream, rubbing it in a circular motion. Separately massage your fingers, alternately moving from one to another.
Special gymnastics can eliminate discomfort, which includes:
- Massaging in circular motions.
- Use the ball, which stops roll on the floor.
- Raise a small object with your toes.
Exercises should be done in a 2-3 approach, moving from the left leg to the right and vice versa. Daily exercises will help relieve fatigue of the limbs and relieve pain, as well as help restore blood circulation in the area of the foot and ankle. However, if there is discomfort during the session, it is necessary to stop the gymnastics and immediately consult a doctor.
The procedure consists in alternately pouring cold and warm water over the legs, and the process itself lasts only a few minutes. It is worth noting that it is important not to overdo it, because hypothermia of the lower extremities negatively affects the general state of health. In addition, the use of cold exacerbates the course of certain diseases. Therefore, before carrying out such procedures, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Relieve the condition of tired legs, and relieve discomfort help folk remedies, such as:
- Baths with oils of eucalyptus, fir or cloves. Such procedures will have a relaxing effect.
- Salt baths. They have an analgesic effect.
- Ice compresses. Allow to relieve pain. Superimposed in the middle of the painful area.
Traditional methods offer an abundance of recipes, but it is worth remembering about contraindications. Before you begin treatment, initially it is necessary to understand the causes of pain, to determine the presence of a particular disease. To avoid negative consequences of self-treatment will help the consultation of the doctor and careful observation of the reactions of your own body.
Do you still think that it is impossible to cure the joints?
Judging by the fact that you are reading these lines now - the victory in the fight against cartilage tissue inflammation is not on your side yet.
And have you already thought about inpatient treatment? This is understandable, because pain in the joints is a very dangerous simtom that, if not treated promptly, may result in limited mobility. Suspicious crunch, stiffness after a night of rest, the skin around the problem area is stretched, swelling in a sore spot. All these symptoms are familiar to you firsthand.
But perhaps it is more correct to treat not the effect, but the cause? We recommend reading the article on modern methods of treatment of joints. Read the article >>